On August 3, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) published a Request for Information (RFI) that seeks comment on ways to clarify the Equal Credit Opportunity Act’s (ECOA) implementing regulation, Regulation B, to expand access to credit and improve protections against credit discrimination. According to the CFPB, comments provided in response to the RFI will help the… Read More
On July 29, 2020, the state attorneys general of California, Illinois, and New York filed suit against the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) challenging the OCC’s Final Rule reaffirming the “valid when made” doctrine for loans originated by national banks. The challenge extends the uncertainty created by the Second Circuit’s Madden decision… Read More
On July 23, 2020, in an effort to increase transparency in commercial financings so borrowers may make more informed decisions, the New York State legislature passed a bill, S5470B, which currently awaits the Governor’s signature. The bill requires certain commercial financing providers to disclose to recipients critical information about the amount, pricing, and terms of specific commercial… Read More
On July 20, 2020, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) issued a notice of proposed rulemaking that would establish when national banks or federal savings associations (collectively, banks) are the “true lender” making a loan in the context of a partnership between the bank and a third party. Recognizing the uncertainty created by existing… Read More
On June 25, 2020, the five federal agencies with responsibility for implementing the Volcker Rule finalized amendments to the Volcker Rule’s provisions related to investing, sponsoring, and having certain relationships with “covered funds.” The final rule is largely consistent with the agencies’ proposal of January 30, 2020 and is the final anticipated amendment in a… Read More
The U.S. Supreme Court issued its ruling in Seila Law LLC v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, holding that the CFPB’s leadership structure—with a single director removable only for inefficiency, neglect, or malfeasance—is unconstitutional because it violates the separation of powers. But the Court preserved the Bureau by severing the for-cause removal provision from the rest… Read More
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau recently announced the launch of a pilot advisory opinion (AO) program and also proposed a permanent AO program, which will replace the Pilot AO Program after the proposed permanent AO program is finalized. Both programs are intended to provide guidance to address uncertainty regarding the Bureau’s existing regulations, and are part of… Read More
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) finalized a rule on May 29, 2020, that reaffirms the “valid when made” doctrine applicable to loans originated by a national bank. According to Acting Comptroller of the Currency Brian Brooks, the final rule “clarif[ies] that a bank may transfer a loan without affecting the legally permissible interest term” and “supports… Read More
On May 20, 2020, the OCC published a final rule intended to modernize the rules implementing the Community Reinvestment Act (“CRA”). While the CRA is administered jointly by the OCC, the FDIC, and the Federal Reserve, the OCC alone is moving forward with the regulatory overhaul. As a result, the final rule’s changes apply only… Read More
This client alert provides an overview of three recent CFPB guidance documents highlighting existing regulatory flexibility and responsibilities for financial institutions when interacting with consumers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A statement notifying credit card issuers and other open-end creditors that the CFPB will provide supervision and enforcement flexibility during the pandemic with… Read More
On April 30, 2020, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“FRB”) announced an expansion of the Main Street Lending Program (“MSLP”) and clarified certain aspects of the program through publication of a list of FAQs. In general, the changes expand the number of businesses eligible to borrow, reduce the minimum loan size… Read More
On March 17, 2020, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) announced two significant developments relating to industrial banks (also sometimes called industrial loan companies). First, in a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR), the FDIC laid out the regulatory regime it expects to apply to companies not subject to consolidated supervision by the Board of Governors… Read More
On March 27, 2020, President Trump enacted a historic stimulus package, the CARES Act, which contains a number of provisions of interest to the financial services industry. This alert provides an overview of the financial services-related provisions of the new law. Read our client alert.
As consumers and business face ever-worsening financial conditions in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, federal agencies and some states and localities have stepped in to provide foreclosure and eviction relief. Not surprisingly, the approaches to providing this relief vary greatly, creating significant operational challenges for servicers operating in multiple jurisdictions. We discuss below these… Read More
The California Department of Business Oversight (DBO) has finally released a much-anticipated draft rulemaking relating to the scope of the “agent of a payee” exemption under the California Money Transmission Act. The DBO’s rulemaking appears to affirm a broader interpretation of the scope of the exemption than has been historically applied, albeit with a number… Read More
On January 30, 2020, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System approved a final rule (the Final Rule) revising the regulations related to the determination of “control” of banks under the Bank Holding Company Act (BHC Act) and of federal savings associations under the Home Owners’ Loan Act (HOLA). The Final Rule is… Read More
One of the defining aspects of the payments revolution of the past few years—at least from a regulatory perspective — has been the question of whether a particular payments service is subject to regulation as money transmission. A recent trend has been toward states affirming that, under certain conditions, state money transmission licensing laws do… Read More
On February 10, 2020, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) published a proposed rule intended to modernize the regulatory treatment of brokered deposits (Proposed Rule). The Proposed Rule would amend 12 C.F.R. parts 303 and 337 to set forth the regulatory scheme for determining whether deposits placed through deposit placement arrangements are classified as brokered… Read More
On January 30, 2020, five federal agencies proposed amendments to the Volcker Rule related to the prohibition on investing, sponsoring, and having certain relationships with covered funds (the “Proposed Funds Rule”). The Proposed Funds Rule comes on the heels of the conclusion of a separate rulemaking process dealing primarily with the Volcker Rule’s proprietary trading… Read More
On February 6, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau published a Statement of Policy Regarding Prohibition on Abusive Acts or Practices to “convey and foster greater certainty” regarding how it will apply the “abusiveness” standard in exercising its sweeping UDAAP authority under the Dodd-Frank Act. This is a welcome move by the Bureau, which previously… Read More
On January 21, 2020, twenty-two State Attorneys General and the Hawaii Office of Consumer Protection submitted a comment letter to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency in opposition to its proposed rulemaking to resolve the “confusion” stemming from the Second Circuit’s 2015 decision in Madden v. Midland Funding LLC. Read our client alert.
In two recent actions, the California Department of Business Oversight (DBO) addressed whether companies that purchase retail installment contracts should be considered bona fide purchasers of credit sales or whether those transactions should be considered loans subject to the California Financing Law (CFL). In doing so, the DBO reiterates existing case law and sets forth… Read More
The California Department of Business Oversight (DBO) has issued a Release that summarizes the provisions of California Assembly Bill 539 and addresses some implementation issues. This bill was chaptered as Chapter 708 of the 2019 Statutes and is effective January 1, 2020. Our earlier Client Alert discussed the new law in detail. Read our client alert.
According to new guidance released on December 3, 2019, banks are not required to file suspicious activity reports on customers solely because they are engaged in the legal growth or cultivation of hemp. The guidance was issued by the federal banking agencies and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network in consultation with the Conference of State… Read More