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Category Archives: Enforcement Actions

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Financial Services Report – Fall 2019

Posted in Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, Student Lending

We start this issue with a feeling of déjà vu all over again. Decisions made during the mortgage crisis are back in the news with a powerhouse legal ruling and the Treasury’s initial thinking on how to turn back time. First, the Fifth Circuit issued an en banc decision finding the Federal Housing Finance Agency… Read More

FinCEN Issues Convertible Virtual Currency Guidance and Advisory

Posted in Enforcement Actions, Regulatory Developments

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network recently issued a guidance, Application of FinCEN’s Regulations to Certain Business Models Involving Convertible Virtual Currencies (CVC), together with an Advisory on Illicit Activity Involving Convertible Currency. The Guidance largely summarizes FinCEN’s existing regulatory framework regarding the application of the Bank Secrecy Act to virtual currency activities. The Advisory warns financial institutions of… Read More

In a First, FinCEN Assesses Civil Money Penalty Against Peer-to-Peer Virtual Currency Exchanger

Posted in Enforcement Actions, Regulatory Developments

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”) issued a press release announcing a civil money penalty for violations of the Bank Secrecy Act against Eric Powers, an individual who acted as a peer-to-peer virtual currency exchanger. The enforcement action is the first-ever penalty assessed by FinCEN against a peer-to-peer virtual currency exchanger. Our alert discusses this recent… Read More

Financial Services Report – Spring 2019

Posted in Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, Student Lending

In the words of Willie Wonka: “Wait a minute — strike that, reverse it!” As loyal readers will recall, in our last issue, we tried to stay current in referring to the CFPB by what Mick Mulvaney declared would be its new name: the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. Well, what a difference a director… Read More

Financial Services Report – Winter 2018

Posted in Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Foreclosure, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators

In between holiday shopping and merriment, we here at the Financial Services Report are pondering what’s in a name. Not much, said Shakespeare. Isaac Asimov begged to differ in a mystery story about who killed one of the library twins (we won’t give away the twist that hinges on a name). So do companies that… Read More

Financial Services Report – Fall 2018

Posted in Arbitration, Auto Lending, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, Student Lending, UDAAP

So much for the lazy days of summer. It’s been a busy couple of months on both coasts. In a case of déjà vu all over again, a New York federal court found that the CFPB structure is unconstitutional and that the defects infected Title X of the Dodd-Frank Act as a whole. The Judge… Read More

Financial Services Report – Summer 2018

Posted in Arbitration, Auto Lending, CFPB, Credit Cards, Disparate Impact, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators

No more pencils, no more books. No more CFPB indirect auto lending guidance. No more CFPB Consumer Advisory Board. No more Volcker Rule and risk-based capital for community banks. No more Eric Schneiderman. It’s the end of the school year, and we’ve seen enormous changes on the financial services regulatory landscape since our last Report…. Read More

Financial Services Report – Spring 2018

Posted in Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators

The 2018 Winter Olympics are over. We watched two 17-year-olds win gold medals in sports that didn’t exist when we were 17. The Garlic Girls, with nicknames from their favorite breakfasts, and the U.S. men’s team won medals in curling. No Miracle on Ice for the U.S. men’s hockey team, but the U.S. women’s team… Read More

FDIC Enters Consent Order with Bank Regarding Prepaid Card Disclosures

Posted in Enforcement Actions

On March 7, 2018, the FDIC entered into a consent order with The Bancorp Bank for allegedly inaccurate disclosures concerning the amount of transaction fees assessed on cardholders. This consent order is the latest in a series of consent orders from federal agencies in recent years regarding allegedly inadequate or misleading account disclosures. Read our… Read More

First State Charges Broker-Dealer in Connection with Violations of DOL Fiduciary Rule

Posted in Enforcement Actions

On February 15, 2018, the Enforcement Section of the Massachusetts Securities Division (the “Division”) of the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth charged a registered broker-dealer (the “Broker-Dealer”) that operated in Massachusetts with violating its own internal policies designed to ensure compliance with the U.S. Department of Labor’s (the “DOL”) Fiduciary Rule. The DOL… Read More

Financial Services Report – Winter 2017

Posted in Arbitration, Auto Lending, CFPB, Credit Cards, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Foreclosure, Indirect Auto Lending, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators

The holidays came early for the financial services industry. First, the Senate voted to repeal the CFPB’s rule banning class waivers in arbitration agreements in consumer financial contracts. Then, Richard Cordray stepped down as CFPB Director. Former Director Cordray’s attempt to name his interim successor hours before submitting his formal resignation created dueling interim directors… Read More

Leading on Leads? CFPB Takes Action Against Online Lead Aggregators

Posted in CFPB, Enforcement Actions, Payday Lending, Privacy, UDAAP

On September 6, 2017, the CFPB announced that it has taken action against an online lead aggregator. The allegations revolved around the company’s selling personal information of consumers who were interested in small-dollar or installment loans to online lenders. It was alleged that the loans ultimately offered to consumers were, or were likely to be, void… Read More

Financial Services Report – Fall 2017

Posted in Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Investigations, Mortgage, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, UDAAP

Through hurricanes, wild fires, the publication of Hillary Clinton’s book, the birth of Amal and George Clooney’s twins, and the Dodgers’ historic losing streak, Director Richard Cordray and the CFPB’s Final Arbitration Rule are still standing. As my colleague Ollie Ireland explained, these days, it’s easier to predict the weather than it is to predict… Read More

CFPB and Card Issuers Resolve ECOA Action Involving Cards Offered in U.S. Territories and Cardholders with Spanish Language Preference

Posted in CFPB, Credit Cards, Disparate Impact, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending

On August 23, 2017, the CFPB announced the resolution of an administrative action under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and its implementing regulation, Regulation B, against American Express Centurion Bank and American Express Bank, FSB. In the proceeding, the CFPB alleged the Issuers violated ECOA by (i) offering credit and charge card products and services to… Read More

CFPB Case Against Payment Processors Dismissed: Court Sanctions Bureau for Non-Responsive Discovery

Posted in CFPB, Enforcement Actions

In another significant litigation setback for the CFPB, a U.S. District Court in Atlanta imposed discovery sanctions against the Bureau and dismissed all claims against payment processors alleged to have aided and abetted an unlawful debt collection scheme. Cases brought by the CFPB’s Division of Enforcement have seen the imposition of significant levels of damages… Read More

Financial Services Report – Summer 2017

Posted in Add On Products, Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Foreclosure, Investigations, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, Student Lending

Summer blockbuster season is officially upon us. Have you seen Wonder Woman yet? What about Guardians of the Galaxy Part 2? It’s déjà vu all over again with Baywatch, Pirates of the Caribbean, Alien, Planet of the Apes, Transformers, Cars, Spider Man, and more Inconvenient Truths from Al Gore all coming to a theatre near… Read More

FDIC Action Is a Reminder that Bank Partnerships Are Not a Panacea for Non-Banks

Posted in Enforcement Actions, UDAAP

On May 11, 2017, the FDIC announced that it had reached settlements with Bank of Lake Mills and two of its “institution-affiliated parties””—Freedom Stores, Inc. and Military Credit Services, LLC—for allegedly engaging in unfair and deceptive practices in violation of Section 5 of the FTC Act. Read our client alert.

Court Finds CFPB Case Against Payment Processor Lacking

Posted in CFPB, Enforcement Actions, UDAAP

On March 17, 2017 the United States District Court for the District of North Dakota granted the motion of Intercept Corporation and its senior executives to dismiss the complaint filed almost a year ago by the CFPB. Intercept is a payment processor that initiates ACH transactions to consumer accounts on behalf of its merchant-customers. This… Read More

Financial Services Report – Spring 2017

Posted in Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Foreclosure, Investigations, Military Issues, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, Student Lending

In like a lion, out like a lamb—it works for weather; does it work for new administrations? We’ll have to wait and see. We’ll have to wait and see about the length of CFPB Director Richard Cordray’s tenure and the fate of Dodd-Frank, as it appears the Trump administration is focusing on other priorities. So… Read More

RESPA Two-Step: CFPB Shows Continued Expansive Interpretation of Section 8

Posted in CFPB, Enforcement Actions, Mortgage

On January 31, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced a Consent Order with a mortgage lender and certain of its affiliates (“Lender”). The CFPB alleged in the Consent Order widespread violations of Section 8(a) of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, stemming from a host of agreements and arrangements the Lender allegedly had entered… Read More

Financial Services Report – Winter 2016

Posted in Arbitration, Auto Lending, CFPB, Credit Cards, Disparate Impact, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Foreclosure, Military Issues, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, State Regulators, UDAAP

Hope you survived all of those awkward Thanksgiving holiday conversations—amazing how divided people are on whether the court got it right in the PHH case, isn’t it? So on we go into the holiday season, while visions of Dodd-Frank repeal dance in our heads. No long winter’s nap for the CFPB, not with the inauguration… Read More

CFPB and California Announce Enforcement Actions Against Online Lender

Posted in CFPB, Enforcement Actions

On Tuesday, September 27, 2016, the CFPB and the California Department of Business Oversight (“DBO”) announced separate enforcement actions against Flurish, Inc., an online lender that does business as “LendUp” in California and two dozen other states. LendUp agreed to pay, collectively, $3.43 million in restitution to consumers and $2.8 million in civil money penalties… Read More

Financial Services Report – Fall 2016

Posted in Add On Products, Arbitration, CFPB, Credit Cards, Credit Reports, Disparate Impact, Electronic Payments, Enforcement Actions, Fair Lending, Foreclosure, Military Issues, Mobile Payments, Mortgage, Payday Lending, Preemption, Privacy, Regulatory Developments, UDAAP

So much for summer! The weather is cooling, the kids are back to school, and we better not see you wearing white so long after Labor Day! For those of you having a little trouble getting back in the swing of things, we thought we’d lead with just a few of the animals making headlines… Read More

CFPB Levies Largest Civil Money Penalty in Agency History, Alleges “Abusive” Conduct

Posted in CFPB, Credit Cards, Enforcement Actions

On September 8, 2016, the CFPB, the OCC, and the City and County of Los Angeles entered into a Consent Order with Wells Fargo, with civil money penalties totaling $185 million. The CFPB’s portion of those penalties is $100 million, which is the largest fine the Bureau has imposed since opening its doors in July… Read More